Guide to Handmade Oriental Rugs

Handmade can mean many things. Price and quality depend on several factors. You can choose from a variety of handmade Oriental rugs based on the how you want it to look. Here are the different types of handmade rugs:

Hand-tufted: A tufted rug is created using a mechanical tufting tool that secures and inserts the yarns in the backing, usually canvas. Because the tufted yarns are not securely enclosed by a knot, the backside of these types of rugs is usually painted or sprayed with adhesives to secure the pile yarn. These rugs cannot be indeed called “Oriental rugs.”

Hand-knotted: In a hand-knotted rug, each yarn is tied individually in a knot by the weaver. Each knot of yarn is securely tied around a couple of strands of warp yarn, which is the vertical yarn set up originally on the loom as the foundation for the rug that will be woven upon it. This is an entirely handmade process. No mechanical tools are used to make it. 

A hand-knotted rug will always be more expensive than a tufted rug. Besides, a hand-knotted rug created by weaving takes more time and is more durable (and pricey) than an uncrossed rug.

Shearing: After the rug is finished being woven, the shearing of the pile is done by hand, to a balanced depth, or to variations of textural depth chosen by the designer. Shapes inside the overall design are usually etched, cut around carefully by hand to create dimension and clarity of design.

Knot count: This term refers to “knots per square inch.” The more intricate and complex the design, and the finer/thinner the wool, the more knots are needed for clarity of design and color. High-quality rugs regularly vary from 50 to 100 knots per each inch. 

What Is It Made Of?

Many Oriental rugs are produced from wool or silk. As the base and primary material, wool is the most flexible, comfortable, and long-lasting material to use in these rugs. To add varieties of color, texture, and design, silk is often used as a highlight accent. Another appealing and durable material used for textural and color contrast is the fiber called “Allo” or Himalayan Nettle plant. Oriental rugs often include hand-carding and hand-dyeing as part of the weaving method.

Contact Us

Persia Oriental Rug Gallery for all your rug needs! We can help you purchase the exact Oriental rug you want to display in your house. We offer a variety of handmade rugs, and we are here to repair and clean it when you need to do so. Give us a call at 508-753-4467 or fill out our contact form to learn more about our options!